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3 article(s) found.
Lu-huei Chen, Assistant Research Fellow, Election Study Center, National Chengchi University, Taiwan.
Su-feng Cheng, Assistant Research Fellow, Election Study Center, National Chengchi University, Taiwan.
The Study of Correlations among Interview Language Usage and Political Attitudes in Taiwan (in Chinese) Download
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In this paper, we examine how different dialects used in survey research, and present how language usage might be correlated with people’s national identity and Taiwan independence preference. It was shown that people’s national identity was correlated with language used in face-to-face interviews. People speaking Taiwanese dialect were more likely to identify themselves as Taiwanese, and people speaking Mandarin were more likely to identify themselves as Chinese. It indicated that language used by people’s daily life conversation might be a cue for their national identity. Therefore, national identity is more likely to connect with cultural dimension. However, in surveys, there was no connection between language usage and people’s preference on Taiwan independence issue.

From our findings, comparing with people’s “Taiwanese/Chinese” identity, people’s preference toward unification with mainland China or Taiwan independence is more likely to be a rational choice between two alternatives. For students of survey research and political identities research in Taiwan, our research findings are very constructive.
Su-Feng Cheng, Assistant Research fellow of Election Study Center, National Chengchi University.
Lu-Huei Chen, Assistant Research fellow of Election Study Center, National Chengchi University.
Attitudes on Survey Participation and Its Change in Taiwan: 1986-1998 (in Chinese) Download
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In Taiwan, researchers and scholars widely use survey data to conduct research analysis, construct theories, and test hypotheses. However, problems came from process of data collection seldom been noticed. From the perspective of survey research methodology, this paper examined people's attitudes on survey participation in Taiwan between 1986 and 1998. This research showed that, in Taiwan, people became less likely to participate in survey interview even political environment became more democratic and open in the last decade. Among people who did not participate in survey, one quarter of them can not be reached by interviewers, and one out off our can be reached but refused to participate in survey. Worthy to be noticed is that the ratio of” refuse to be interviewed ”increased gradually. Compared with survey topic on ”election studies”, survey topic on ”relation between Taiwan and Mainland China” received higher refusal rate. This paper indicated that the response rate of sensitive questions was influenced by respondents' demographic background and level of information they had. Men, youths, mainlanders, high-educated,and party identifiers were more likely to answer the sensitive question-whom did you vote for-in this research. Type of elections also played a role on response rate. In the survey on presidential election and gubernatorial/mayoral election, non-response rates on reporting preferential candidates were lower than non-response rates in legislative elections. Therefore,the difference of electoral system between single member district and SNTV might affect non-response rates. Several methodological suggestions are also presented for future survey participation research.
Mortality: The Threat to the Validity of Panel Studies (in Chinese) Download
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Mortality is a problem when it exits differential loss of respondents during our panel studies. By examining the 1990 - 1992 NES panel studies, I demonstrate that there were significant differences between the panel sample and the mortality sample on their political interest, political knowledge, and political participation. Mortality undermines the external validity when our research interest is to describe the political interest, political knowledge, and political participation of the mass public.When the selection process correlates with some variables in our model, mortality also undermines the internal validity of our research. I demonstrate that we will underestimate the importance of the respondent's age and his /her interest on newspaper on explaining his /her voting participation when we have the mortality problem in our panel studies. When we want to explain the importance of incumbent advantage, mortality makes us overestimate the importance of Democrat's incumbency and underestimate the importance of Republican incumbency.Participating in panel studies is a function of the respondent's interest and attitudes toward surveys. We shall always keep this in mind since the respondent's cooperation is the key point for the success of survey research. As the nonresponse rate increases in most surveys, social scientists have the obligation to make our interview more pleasant for our respondents.