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2 article(s) found.
Da-wei Kuan, Associate Professor, Department of Ethnology, National Chengchi University.
Shih-yuan Lin, Associate Professor, Department of Land Economics, National Chengchi University.
Su-feng Cheng, Research Fellow, Election Study Center, National Chengchi University.
A Preliminary Study of Single Member District Delimitation for Indigenous Legislators in Taiwan (in Chinese) Download
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Two often discussed issues remain in the elections for indigenous legislators in Taiwan. One is the way for identifying plain or mountain indigenous district is outdated and the other is, unlike their regional counterparts, the multiple member district is continued to be implemented in election. The former is an issue related to constitution regulation which implies a considerably difficult to be dealt with under current circumstance. Yet, though the constitution does prescribe the number of total indigenous legislators for plain and mountain areas respectively, it does not prescribe the district magnitude for each election. This has provided a possibility for redistricting the indigenous legislators in election. This paper aims at redistricting the boundary from multiple member district into single member district and assessing the potential impacts on the elections for indigenous legislators.

Three redistricting proposals are provided by this paper, the result suggests that in general, the criteria for delimitation such as population equality, contiguity and compactness could all be achieved. As for the impacts of replacing the multiple member district by single member district, this paper suggests that since population from the four main tribes of Amis, Paiwan, Atayal and Bunun make up eighty percent of the indigenous population, the electoral result after redistricting will not be dramatically different from those of multiple member district, all the seats might remain to be shared by the four main tribes. It is argued that, since indigenous legislators enjoy a solid electoral base at home, redistricting the electoral boundary would not affect her/his prospects for electoral victory. Moreover, the redistricting would significantly reduce the size of district and thus enable a more thorough constituency service.
“Single-Member Districts” and “Two Votes System”: A Study in Comparative Parliamentary Elections of Germany, Japan, and Russia (in Chinese)
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One of the important principles to political democracy is to hold free election on regular basis. And the process shaIl also live up to the principle of faimess, justice, and openness.

In Germany, Japan, and Russia, although each voter casts vote twice-one for a specific candidate to represent the local district and one for a party, the different electoral formula and the average district magnitude will cause different kinds of nationwide outcome. Even though half (or 2/3) of members are elected by single-member, single-plurality constituencies in Japan or Russia their entire systems are not the proportional representation of the Federal Republic of Germany.

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the different practices and the impacts of “single-member districs” and “two votes system” in Germany, Japan, and Russia. The empirical study will also deal with general patterns and trends in the ROC's electoral reform.