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3 article(s) found.
Cheng-Hao Pao, Associate Professor, Department of Global Political Economy, Tamkang University.
Representative Behavior of Indigenous Legislator in Taiwan: A Content Analysis of the Floor Questions between 2002 and 2012 (in Chinese) Download
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This study offers a novel empirical account of the representative behavior of the indigenous legislators in the 2002 to 2012 Legislative Yuan. Based on behavioral data, the analysis seeks first to know whether the lack of descriptive representation leads to the harm of substantive representation or not, and then second to illustrate the change and continuity of the issues which indigenous legislators pay attention to. The research findings indicates that although dedicated indigenous seats are always occupied by Amis, Atayal, and Paiwan, the interests of other indigenous peoples do not be harmed. In other words, the current electoral system does not guarantee descriptive representation of all indigenous peoples but provide a substantive representation to them. Basically, the elected indigenous legislators regard themselves as representatives of all indigenous peoples. Furthermore, although the issues concerned by indigenous legislators may be influenced by constituency and party affiliation, they are still highly related to indigenous interests. Indigenous legislators in Taiwan do response to the needs of the represented.
Cheng-hao Pao, Assistant Professor, Department of Global Politics and Economics, Tamkang University.
Representative Orientations and Representative Behaviors of Taiwan's Indigenous Legislators: A Content Analysis of the Bills Proposed between 1993-2008 (in Chinese) Download
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This research focuses on representative orientations and representative behaviors of Taiwan's indigenous legislators. By analyzing the contents of their proposed bills (1993-2008), the researcher would like to answer the following questions. Do these indigenous legislators represent their respective constituencies? Or they speak for the all Taiwan's indigenous peoples or just for their own people. If the indigenous legislators do not represent their respective constituencies, the next question is how to demarcate the existing indigenous district system to make the indigenous district system more reasonable and fit indigenous people's need. Furthermore, this research also would like to discuss the relationship between indigenous representative orientations and indigenous representative behaviors. Moreover, the research want to answer what the crucial factors to affect indigenous legislators' representative behaviors are.

The research findings are as following:
1. Affected by electoral competition, the indigenous legislators tend to respond to ”electorate's interest”. However, to these indigenous legislators, the referred ”electorate” is not confined to the voters registered in their respective constituency but all indigenous voters. In other words, Taiwan's indigenous legislators regard themselves as the representative of the all indigenous peoples.
2. The establishment of Council of Indigenous Peoples and the tramformation of Indigenous Social Movement are two crucial factors to affect indigenous legislators' representative behaviors.
3. The numbers and contents of the bills proposed by indigenous legislators are highly affected by the political parties and the constituencies they belong to. Mountain indigenous legislators are more active than Plain-land indigenous legislators and indigenous legislators elected from proportional representation system. Furthermore, the legislators of Non-Partisan Solidarity Union are more active than other political parties'.
4. 93.3% of the bills are proposed by 10 indigenous legislators, which emphasized on indigenous education, economic development in indigenous area, autonomy of indigenous peoples, reserved land ownership and natural resource management, and compensation.
Shing-Yuan Sheng, Associate professor, Department of Political Science, National Chengchi University.
Party-oriented or Constituency-oriented? A Study on Representative Orientations and Representative Behavior of Taiwan's Legislators (in Chinese) Download
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Party and constituency are two major forces faced by legislators. They influence legislators' representative behavior in different degrees and in different ways. This paper examines how these two forces influence Taiwanese legislators' representative styles and behavior. Research findings show that the representative styles of Taiwan's legislators have changed radically since the mid-1980s.Many legislators changed from a party-oriented style to a constituency-oriented style. This paper suggests a possible reason for this radical change. Legislators have to build their personal vote because they face intensive party competition resulted from the emergence of an opposition party, the DPP. The legislators under a single non-transferable vote system cannot count only on their party to get re-election. Most of them have to show their distinctive characteristics and hard-working in the legislative Yuan and in their constituency. They may even deviate from the party line to get attention and support from their constituencies sometimes. Based on a case study on the third term of legislators, this research has several findings. First, approximately two-thirds of the legislators are constituency-oriented, and less than one-third of the legislators are party-oriented. Secondly, the representative orientations of legislators affect their representative behavior profoundly. Party-oriented legislators make more efforts in the law-making process, while constituency-oriented legislators make more efforts in their constituencies. Meanwhile, the party-oriented legislators follow the party line more than their constituency-oriented fellows do. Thirdly, the representative orientations of individual legislators are affected by their vote-getting styles, party affiliation, and constituency styles. The legislators who rely more on their constituency than party to get re-election, the legislators of KMT, and the legislators from homogeneous constituencies, are more likely to be constituency-oriented.