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3 article(s) found.
Yi-ching Shiao, Ph. D. student, Department of Political Science, National Chengchi University.
Analysis of Test-Retest Reliability in Taiwan's Election and Democratization Study (in Chinese) Download
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The major purpose of this article is to analyze the test-retest reliability in the series of Taiwan's Election and Democratization Study (2001, 2003 and 2004P), and explore what factors influencing the questionnaire reliability. This research finds that TEDS has consistent questionnaire reliability although the degree of reliability varies with subjects. The ”voting intention” has the highest reliability, followed by ”party identification”. Attitude for the ”position of independence/unification” is the third, ahead of the ”Taiwanese/Chinese identity” and the ”presidential candidate image”. Attitudes about democratic evaluation, including the ”degree of satisfiaction about the practice of democracy in Taiwan” and ”comparing the DPP vs. KMT government” and ”democratic governing” are the least reliable measurements. It is also found that there is no significant difference in reliability regarding the same subject across different datasets of TEDS.

The respondent's education is the important factor of questionnaire reliability. The high-educated respondent has more consistent response for the same question in different interview than others. Besides, female respondents has more stable political attitude than male in TEDS 2001 and TEDS 2004P. The shorter the period between the first interview to the second one, the more stable attitude respondents show, especially in TEDS 2001 and TEDS 2003. Last, no matter who the interviewer is, test-retest reliability is the same. In other words, the TEDS interviewers obey ”standard interview principle” during the surveys.
Chung-Ii Wu, Associate Professor of Political Science, National Chung Cheng University, Taiwan.
Opinion Survey and Candidate Selection System: The Case of the Democratic Progressive Party in the 1998 Legislative Yuan Election (in Chinese) Download
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In the past years, major political parties in Taiwan used the opinion survey method to nominate their candidates, attempting to abridge the gap between party preferences and public opinions. By doing this, they expected to nominate electable candidates. However, this move has been controversial, critics charging it with some flaws: 1) those who won in the poll did not necessarily electable in general elections; 2) only Taiwan' s political parties adopted the survey method; 3) the political parties lost the power over candidate selection; 4) it worsened the illegal practices of violence and vote-buying; 5) it favored incumbents and high-publicity aspirants; and, 6) some unsuccessful aspirants insisted on running as mavericks, thereby thwarting party cohesion. By analyzing the relevant data, I argue that these criticisms are unconvincing. The major purpose of the survey method lies in ensuring the legitimacy of nominees and in making unsuccessful aspirants no excuses to blame the failures on the party echelons. As for the technical problem on high proportions of ”no response,” I suggest that increasing valid sample sizes might be appropriate to improve the survey method.
Yeh-Lih Wang, Professor, Deptment of Political Science, Tunghai University.
Jui-Fen Yang, Master student, Graduate Institute of Political Science, Tunghai University.
Public Opinion Survey and Candidate Selection: A Case Study of DPP in 1998 Legislative Yuan Election (in Chinese) Download
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Two major parties in Taiwan, KMT and DPP, have implemented public opinion survey as the formal mechanism for their candidate selections. The employment of public opinion survey in the process of candidate selection is based on two hypotheses: (1) the usage of opinion survey may narrow down the gap between the ”party will” and the ”public opinion”, (2) the usage of opinion survey may reduce the influence of ”nominal party members”. This paper examines the candidate selection process of DPP in 1998 Legislative Yuan Election, and demonstrates that none of the hypotheses above are true. Moreover, when the public opinion survey was applied for the candidate selection, the most important function of the political party will be shrunk.