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3 article(s) found.
Chih-sung Teng, Associate Professor, Graduate Institute of National Development, National Taiwan University.
Chin-en Wu, Assistant Research Fellow, Institute of Political Science, Academia Sinica.
I-jung Ko, MA, Graduate Institute of National Development, National Taiwan University.
What Causes the Invalid Votes? With a Concurrently Discussion of Spatial Analysis of Invalid Votes in Taiwan's Elections, 1992-2008 (in Chinese) Download
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The issue of invalid votes receives few scholarly attentions. Many consider invalid votes as the result of unintended behavior and do not explore the factors that may influence the incidence of invalid votes. We examine 37 elections of different levels between 1992 and 2008 in Taiwan by using panel data analysis. We find that the distribution of invalid votes are not random but are influenced by institutional and socioeconomic factors. Regarding institutional factors, the elections codes, the complexity of elections, the importance of elections, and years after the democratic transition are the main influencing factors. Years of education, the percentage of elders, population density, and percentage of indigenous citizens are the main socioeconomic variables that affect the incidence of invalid votes. The two strings of factors can explain about 34% of the variance in invalid votes. In addition to the pooled OLS model, we also employ spatial lag model and spatial error model. The two models show that the distribution of invalid votes exhibit positive spatial autocorrelation. In addition, some areas also exhibit spatial heterogeneity, which is likely to be attributed to the alienation of voters in the districts. We might need to pay special attention to these areas to enhance the quality of democracy.
Su-feng Cheng, Assistant research fellow, Election Study Center, National Chengchi University, Taiwan.
Focus Group: Theory and Application (in Chinese) Download
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Focus group research has become a popular technique for gathering qualitative data over the past two decades, and is used across a wide variety of different fields. But focus group hasn't drawn much attention in Taiwan's academic community. The application is mostly concentrated in marketing research. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to introduce the focus group research systematically to the Taiwan academic community, and hopefully this method can be adopted by more students.

In this paper, the origins, development, strengths and weakness of focus group will be introduced. We will also introduce the steps of conducting focus group, and some useful process to manage and analyze the copious data produced by the group discussions.
Wen-chun Chen, Professor and Director, Institute of Political Science, National Sun Yat-sen University.
Chi-cheng Huang, Ph.D. graduate student, Institute of Political Science, National Sun Yat-sen University.
The Effectiveness of Vote-Equalizing Strategies - A Case Study on Vote-Equalizing Strategies Used by the DPP in the Fifth Legisiative Election in the North District of Kaohsiung City (in Chinese) Download
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In the Fifth Legislative Election in 2001, the Democratic Progressive Party ( DPP) employed the vote-equalizing strategies in the Northern District of Kaohsiung. In the past, the DPP had used similar strategies only in Taipei, therefore whether this attempt in Kaohsiung would be successful was closely observed.

This study, based on the aggregate data analysis, shows that from the perspective of candidates seeking to renew their office, the effectiveness of vote-equalizing strategies was not significant. From the perspec­tive of election districts, the use of vote-eualizing strategy proved more important in some districts, but less effective in other districts. The key factor, as the survey data analysis shows, that the DPP was able to win all three seats lies in the strong sense of party identification and sufficient campaign information. Lastly, the fact that both the KMT and the PFP had nominated too many candidates, caused the third DPP candidate Chu Shing-yu, to be elected.