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2 article(s) found.
Da-chi Liao, Professor, Institute of Political Science, National Sun Yat-sen University.
Cheng-hsun Li, Ph. D. student, Institute of Political Science, National Sun Yat-sen University.
Bo-yu Chen, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Institute of Political Science, National Sun Yat-sen University.
The Effects of Electoral Rules upon Legislators' Campaign Promises and Legislative Performance: To Compare the District Legislators of Taiwan Legislative Yuan between Its Sixth Term and Seventh Term (in Chinese) Download
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This paper explores the impact of alterations to electoral systems on legislator campaign promises and to what extent legislators keep these promises in later legislative performance. We advance 2 hypotheses: 1. Legislators elected in single member plurality (SMP) system have a greater tendency to propose locally oriented campaign promises than those elected through proportional representation (PR), but will not be more likely to advance social welfare campaign promises; 2. Legislators chosen through SMP will put forth greater effort to actualize campaign promises in various legislative activities.This research performs a quasi-experimental comparison on Taiwan's Legislative Yuan. The 6th Legislative Yuan (2005-2008) utilized a single non-transferable vote system (SNTV), which was a hybrid system similar to PR, while the 7th Legislative Yuan elections were primarily an SMP hybrid two ballot system. We record data for the campaign promises district legislative candidates officially announced during the 6th and 7th term elections to explore the influence of electoral system alterations on national legislators' campaign promises and legislative activities aimed at realizing these promises.

Our study essentially verifies the two hypotheses. SMP leads legislators to advance larger numbers of locally oriented campaign promises, while there is no difference between SMP and PR with respect to social welfare campaign promises. SMP system also spurs district legislators to utilize official and observable legislative activities, such as legislative proposals and interim proposals, in adhering to campaign promises. With respect to these findings, we further explore responsiveness and accountability in the SMP and PR systems, as well as its impact on social welfare policy, in order to further reflect on the present trend toward greater respect for PR system in democratic constitutional design.
Da-chi Liao, Director and Professor, Institute of Political Science, National Sun Yat-sen University.
Fu-ren Li, Director and Professor, Institute of Service Science, National Tsing Hua University.
Yu-ci Huang, MA, Institute of Information Management, Naional Tsing Hua University.
Zi-yu Liu, Ph.D Student, Institute of Political Science, National Sun Yat-sen University.
Cheng-xun Lee, Ph.D Student, Institute of Political Science, National Sun Yat-sen University.
The Establishment of Taiwanese Legislators' Campaign Promise Database (in Chinese) Download
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In Taiwan's legislative elections, candidates running for office are required to submit campaign promises to be published in the Electoral Bulletin. This research considers that campaign promises published in Electoral Bulletins are the official commitments of the candidates and should not be disregarded as insignificant and unworthy of research. Moreover, the connection between the candidates' campaign promises and their performances after being elected should be studied in order to monitor their ”accountability” to voters. It is our hope that more emphasis is placed on ”campaign promises” printed in Electoral Bulletins, which would help to create a positive influence on the creation of a democracy.

In order to achieve the above stated goal, this paper has established the ”Sixth and Seventh Legislative Campaign Promise Database” based on campaign promises by candidates during Taiwan's sixth and seventh term legislative elections. Hopefully this database would facilitate the research on issues related to the connection between campaign promises and the legislators' on-job performance after being elected.This paper will mainly cover the establishment process of this database, including the manual coding method and the latest information technology used for data mining, namely the multi-label classification method.

This paper also attempts to compare and contrast these two methods and hopes to bring in the most advanced information technology to conduct a certain level of automated classification for campaign promises printed in Electoral Bulletins in every election.